Here are different ways to save, which can help you give your child a head start in life.
The best time to start saving for your family? Probably at least 5 years ago. The second best time? Right now.
The sooner you start saving, the sooner you start earning interest on your interest. This is known as compound interest – something which effectively turns time into money.
With compound interest, it’s all about having time on your side. And time is a huge advantage when it comes to children’s savings – the longer your children’s savings are in place, the bigger they will get.
We’re not talking about saving half your income each month. Just putting aside as much as you can and making regular contributions can make a big difference. Small amounts soon add up.
Here’s an example for you:
If you made an initial deposit of £1,000 and added £100 a month, after 21 years your net contributions would be £26,200.
When you add in a return of 2.0% (the best-buy rate for junior ISAs as of December 2021), compounded monthly, this means you’d earn £6,607.20 in interest, taking your total savings to £32,807.20.
To help motivate you, it pays to think of the big milestones.
Wouldn’t it be great if you could help pay for driving lessons and a first car? Or perhaps your dream is to help your child get on the property ladder?
It really doesn’t matter what you’re saving for. What counts is, by putting some money aside on a regular basis, you’re giving them more options.
And if they’re still in nappies, now could be the perfect time to start saving for the big milestones. The longer the timeframe, the more interest you earn – and the less of your hard-earned money it will take to meet those goals.
A good place to start could be a children's savings account. These accounts can only be opened by, or on behalf of, a child under the age of 18.
You might want to open one children’s account for your child to put their pocket money into, and another for you to pay in any larger amounts. They usually pay a slightly better interest rate compared to adult savings accounts.
Keep in mind – if the account is in your child's name, it's your child's money.
Many accounts allow the adult to stay in control of the money until the child turns 16 (or 18, if it’s a child trust fund or junior ISA). Once they reach this age, the money is technically theirs to do with whatever they want.
There’s usually no tax to pay on children’s accounts. Although special rules apply for money given by parents.
If you give your child money that earns more than £100 in interest in a tax year, you may have to pay tax on all the interest. This depends on your personal circumstances, including any tax allowances you may have available.
Gifts from grandparents, aunts, uncles and friends don’t count towards this £100 limit.
An alternative would be to open a junior cash ISA. You can save up to £9,000 for each child in the 2021 to 2022 tax year.
When they turn 18, the account will convert into a full cash ISA, so they’ll never have to pay income tax on it. This is ideal, if the plan is for your child to have a lot of savings by their 18th birthday.
The important thing to remember is your children have tax allowances too so it makes sense to use them to best effect. You’ll be better off – and therefore your children will be too.
As with all things tax-related, bear in mind – the value of the benefits to you will depend on your circumstances, and tax rules could change in the future. To find out more about tax on children’s savings, visit GOV.UK
When considering your long-term savings options, there’s a hidden risk you need to be aware of – inflation. Inflation is when money loses value as things become more expensive over time.
As the months and years roll by, inflation will reduce the total value of your children’s cash savings because you’ll be able to buy less with the money.
Let's say inflation averages 3% over the next 5 years. What costs you £1,000 today would cost you £1,163.83 in 2026.
If you put £1,000 in a savings account today paying 0.5% interest, you’ll only earn £25.31 interest over the same period. So you'd effectively lose £138.52.
As you have got time on your side, investing could be a great way to potentially beat inflation. Of course, the thing to remember about investing is there are no guarantees and you may not get back what you put in.