The EHIC is being phased out following Brexit. If you've used one before when on holiday, here's a handy guide to the differences between the 2 cards.
Both cards cover emergency medical treatment and visits to hospital A&E departments. It's worth remembering that they also cover routine medical care and treatment for pre-existing conditions. These are often excluded from travel insurance policies.
But you shouldn't think of an EHIC or GHIC as a replacement for travel insurance. That's because some health costs and things like being flown back to the UK aren't covered.
Bear in mind also that you can't use a GHIC or EHIC if you're travelling to the EU specifically to get treatment.
Both types of card allow you to get state healthcare in the EU at a reduced cost or even for free.
Before Brexit, an EHIC was also valid in Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein or Switzerland. That has now changed, so you can only use a GHIC or existing EHIC in the EU.
However, certain people who have rights under the Withdrawal Agreement can apply for a new UK EHIC. This card will cover Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland as well as the EU. Find out if you're eligible for a new UK EHIC.
If you already have an EHIC, check the expiry date on the card. It remains valid until then, but after that date, you’ll have to apply for a GHIC to replace it. Cards are valid for 5 years so you may have lots of time left before yours expires.
It's free to apply for a GHIC - you can go to the NHS website to get yours.
As well as your full name address and date of birth, you’ll need to give one of the following:
There are websites which charge a fee, but there’s no need to pay anything. Just use the NHS website.